Austria Austria History
In this essay we will explain the state that emerged during the interwar period and the disintegration of the monarchy that the author observed. Austria and Hungary are described as a double monarchy (k.u.) and are also known as the Austro-Hungarian Empire (K.U.), Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austrian Empire or Austro-Hungarian Empire. The officially recognized name for the dual monarchy is the "Austrian Empire" (also called the Austro-Hungarian Empire), but in reality it is more commonly known by its original name, the Austrian monarchies or the Hungarian monarchs.
The Entente powers forbade the name by forbidding German Austria to unify with Germany, and then changed it to simply Republic of Austria.
After World War II, the constitution of 1920 was reinstated and Austria was given its borders in 1938. The name was changed to the federal state of Austria and then renamed again to the original name of the Federal Republic of Germany. After the First World War, it was restored, this time with a new constitution that was given the name again.
In October, the occupying troops were withdrawn from the country and the Austro-Hungarian Empire became an Austrian state, consisting of Austria on the one hand and Hungary on the other. In November 1918, representatives of the four Austrian powers signed the "Austrian State Treaty" to restore an independent and democratic Austria. This meant that the Habsburgs agreed to share power with the Hungarian government by dividing the territory of the old Austrian Empire between them.
In 1919, after the peace treaty of Saint-Germain, the state was forced to change its name to the Republic of Austria and became known as the "Republic of Germany-Austria." In 1918 and 1919 it was officially known by its original name "Austrian State of Germany."
In the subsequent dual monarchy, the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary were united under one ruler. This union was the result of the Austro-Hungarian dual monarchy, in which the Austrian House of Habsburg agreed to a power-sharing arrangement with a separate Hungarian government that divided the territories of the former Austrian Empire. The Empire was called Austria-Hungary, and in 1867 its constitution was amended and it became Hungary. In 1868, an "Austro" and a "Hungarian" were founded, while Austria was to play a more limited role in relation to its German neighbours.
With German support, Austria-Hungary acquired Bosnia-Herzegovina as part of a settlement of the war. In order to successfully prevent an execution or direct reparations to Austria, the Western Allies agreed to grant the unrestricted and unrestricted title to Bosnia and Croatia, as well as Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia.
Celtic peoples settled in Austria before it came under Roman rule in the first century BC, and later the Avars settled in eastern Austria. After religious conflicts were settled and the Turks were defeated at the beginning of the 18th century, Austria flourished as a great power. The Bavarians from southern Germany invaded the Danube and began to invade Austria, but Napoleon's eventual defeat enabled Austria and its other enemies to reorganize their borders.
After the Second World War, the occupation zones of Austria merged to form the new Republic of Austria. Austria remained a state within Germany until the end of World War II, when the victorious Allied nations divided Austria into four zones. In 1945, the Republic was proclaimed, and Austria, which had now reduced to its German-speaking part, was declared the capital.
On 11 March 1938 German troops invaded the country, two days later Austria was declared a German Reich and divided into four occupation zones. Austria and Vienna were divided into the four zones of occupation, with the Allied Council of Austria assuming authority over matters affecting the entire country. During World War II, after the defeat of Nazi Germany in the Battle of Vienna in April 1945, Austria was again divided, this time into two zones of occupation.
Austria, called Austria in German, was initially part of the Duchy of Austria under the rule of King Ferdinand I of Bavaria from 1156. The House of Habsburg ruled Austria from the 13th century until the end of the Second World War and used the "Duchy of Vienna" as the centre of power from which it ruled its seats. The Austrian Habsburgs held the office of "German Emperor" from 1438 until his death, beginning with Albert II of Habsburg in the year 14 382.
In 1522 the Habsburg dynasty was divided into Spanish and Austrian lines, and when the last Jagiellonian king died in 1526, Bohemia and Hungary were taken over by them. Charles I gave Austria to his brother Ferdinand, who had already been elected King of Hungary and Czechoslovakia (and Bohemia) in 1526. The Habsburgs maintained their rule over Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Austria - Hungary from 1918 to 1918.